Short history |
Academic programmes |
Great physicists of Cluj
The tradition of the higher education in Natural Sciences, Mathematics and
Physics included established its roots centuries ago. The first document about
the University of Cluj (with courses given in Latin) from 1581 mentioned the
presence of the Faculties of Theology, Philosophy and Law. In 1697 we found with
the Faculties of Philosophy and Theology, the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural
Sciences. In 1784 the whole education system was restructured and the University
was transformed into the Royal Academic high school (with courses in German
language). However, the Faculty of Natural Sciences was dissolved in 1822. The
Faculty of Mathematics and Faculty of Natural Sciences was re-established in
1872 together with other three faculties (with courses in Hungarian). After the
unification of Transylvania with Romania, on December 1st, 1918, many
changes took place. Among them, University of Upper Dacia was founded (with
courses in Romanian), a University in which we found the Faculty of Natural
Sciences (with the following departments: Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and
Beside other specialists who became professors at the Physics Department,
Augustin Maior, the inventor of multiple telephony, is one of the most
prestigious scientists in the field of physics. He was the founder of the first
Romanian Theoretical Physics School.
In May 1923 professor Maior was president of the Diploma commission in the
session as Hermann Oberth defended at our university his thesis entitled The
Rocket into Planetary Space, published in 1924 by Oldenbourg Press in
Germany and considered the headstone of astronautics. In this book there was
established the scientific basis for a technology that enabled humankind to
leave the planet Earth and lots of the present space projects were anticipated
In 1948, the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics became separated from Faculty of
Natural Sciences and functioned like that until 1962 when it divided in the
Faculty of Mathematics and the Faculty of Physics.
Together with the line of study in Romanian language, the Faculty has had a line
of study in Hungarian since 1959 (for basic courses only). Since 1990, this line
of study has developed continuously and since 1994 it has offered a complete
line of study for all disciplines of the curricula in the Hungarian language.
Since 1997, a German line of study has begun its activity. In parallel, some
modules of French courses were organised, especially for the Advanced Studies
level (Master of Sciences, Advanced Studies). Master Studies have also been
offered in English since 2002.
The Faculty of Physics offered in the last years a curricula of 4 or 5 years in
the following programmes: Physics, 4 years; Physics-Mathematics, 4 years;
Physics-Informatics, 4 years, Medical Physics, 4 years and Technological
Physics, 5 years.
Nowadays, the Faculty of Physics offers a 3 years curricula (Physics and
Environmental Science domains) or a 4 years one (Applied Engineering Sciences
and Materials Engineering domains) according to Bologna declaration. In the
first three semesters, all students benefit from a general training in Physics
topics. In the fourth semester, the students can choose one of the following
specializations: Physics; Medical Physics, Computational Physics, Environmental
Physics, Technological Physics
and Materials Science.
The studies within the first four programmes are rounded with a BA Diploma. The
programme of Technological Physics and Materials Science offer the Diploma of
Engineers. The programmes of Physics, Medical Physics, Computational Physics and
Technological Physics have also a line of study in Hungarian and the programme of
Computational Physics can be offered in German, too. The curriculum is composed
of basic and specialized courses in different fields of Physics. Students have
an average of 24 hours per week.
The students who intend to become teachers in the Secondary or Superior
Education System have also to take a Pedagogical module which includes courses
of Pedagogy, Psychology, Physics Teaching Methodology and Mathematics Teaching
The teaching programmes are based on a relevant research activity covering both
experimental and theoretical areas.
Graduate level - Master level
Faculty of Physics offers a 3 years curricula (Physics and Environmental Science
domains) or a 4 years one (Applied Engineering Sciences and Materials
Engineering domains) according to Bologna declaration.
3 years (Romanian and Hungarian)
4 years (Romanian and Hungarian)
There are also two extensions of the Faculty of Physics at undergraduate level
in Zalau and Dej cities.
studies can be completed through the following Master of Science programmes (2
Solid State Physics (in English)
Biophysics and Medical Physics (Romanian and English)
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (in English)
The Faculty of Physics organizes Ph.D. programs in the following fields:
Atomic and Molecular Physics
Physics of Condensed Matter